Ghana Moves Ahead Of Nigeria, Passes Petroleum Bill
As Nigeria continues to dither over the Petroleum Industry Bill, which has suffered setbacks in two consecutive legislative tenures, Ghana has passed its own petroleum bill into law in a bid to lure investments.
According to Nigeria’s Punch newspapers, Ghana’s legislature passed the Petroleum Production and Exploration Bill into law on Thursday to replace the Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act, 1984.
The country’s Energy Minister, Emmanuel Buah, said the new law would create an attractive environment for potential investors to participate in the sector by providing certainty and transparency in the ground rules for operations.
Hope that the PIB would be given quick attention by the President Muhammadu Buhari administration was rife last year when the new government came on stream.
The Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Dr. Ibe Kachikwu, recently said that the nation was losing over $15bn annually to the non-passage of the PIB.
In April, the Senate started the legislative procedure on a new draft of the PIB, named the Petroleum Industry Governance Bill, and it scaled first reading on April 13.
The PIGB was harmonised by the Senate and House of Representatives following a prolonged silence by the Presidency on the PIB despite continued agitation for its passage by the citizenry.
An energy expert and Technical Director, Drilling Services, Template Design Limited, Mr. Bala Zakka, said, “Until we pass the PIB, many investors, whether foreign or local, will be scared and will never be comfortable to invest or patronise the Nigerian oil and gas industry.”
He said investors would not want to get involved in such a highly capital-intensive industry without knowing the laws that would govern their operations in a country.
According to Zakka, the principal reason why the PIB should be passed into law is that the 1969 Petroleum Act is fairly obsolete today.
He said, “Investors want to come and invest, but they need to see an existing law that is current and is in tune with the dynamism of events.
“Unless you pass the PIB into law, many investors will shy away from Nigeria and will prefer to go to countries where there are existing laws, whether those laws are harsh or soft; at least, they will know the laws that will guide them.”
He noted that they had been hoping for the PIB to be passed into law a very long time ago, adding, “Nobody, ordinarily, is supposed to delay the PIB, knowing that Nigeria depends on revenue from crude oil to develop other sectors.”
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